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Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas and plays an important role in regulating glucose (sugar) levels in the blood. When we eat carbohydrates, such as bread or pasta, our digestive system breaks them down into glucose, which enters the bloodstream. As blood glucose levels rise, the pancreas releases insulins, which helps transport glucose into cells throughout the body, where it is used for energy or stored for later use.
The level of insulins in the blood is affected by several factors, including the type and amount of food we eat, our level of physical activity, and our overall health. In people with diabetes, insulin levels may be abnormally high or low, depending on the type of diabetes and its stage.
In people with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is unable to produce insulin, resulting in a chronic deficiency of insulin in the bloodstream. This leads to high blood glucose levels, as glucose cannot be transported into cells without sufficient insulin. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin injections or an insulins pump to maintain healthy blood glucose levels.
In people with type 2 diabetes, the body may produce insulins, but it may not be able to use it effectively. This is known as insulin resistance, and it can lead to high blood glucose levels. Over time, the pancreas may become overworked and produce less insulin, further contributing to high blood glucose levels. People with type 2 diabetes may be treated with medications to improve insulin sensitivity, and in some cases, insulins injections may also be required.
Insulin level can be measured through a blood test, which can help diagnose diabetes and monitor treatment effectiveness. Maintaining healthy insulin level through a balanced diet, regular exercise, and appropriate medication management is essential for managing diabetes and preventing complications.